Moulding lightweight parts

Cost savings, increased efficiency, conservation of resources and CO2 emissions: lightweight construction as a "problem solver" is a key topic for the future in numerous industries. The aim is to reduce part weights, while maintaining or improving mechanical properties. Innovative injection moulding processes are required for this purpose.

Acting jointly with a network of expert partners and cooperating closely with universities, ARBURG is constantly developing new solutions for the injection moulding of lightweight parts. The range extends from function-specific product design and the modification of processes and plastics, through to multi-material design. The result are processes and additional equipment ready for high-volume production combined with a high level of consulting expertise.

Physical foaming

ARBURG offers the new ProFoam and MuCell®. processes for the physical foaming of thermoplastics In both cases, the plastic granulate is enriched with blowing agent prior to injection. Perfectly coordinated technologies and full integration in the SELOGICA control system are the ideal preconditions for lightweight construction.
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Highlights

  • Lightweight construction for weight reduction: forming the finest cell structures in the component, saving material
  • Homogeneous foam structure: lighter moulded parts with fewer sink holes, less shrinkage and distortion
  • Efficient ProFoam process: simple process control with gaseous blowing agent, machines can be used without restrictions for conventional injection moulding
  • User-friendly MuCell® package: Cylinder module with special screw, pneumatic needle-type shut-off nozzle and SCF dosing system
     

Downloads
Customer magazine today 65, p. 12-13 "Pöppelmann: Frank Schockemöhle reports on the advantages of the ProFoam process" (PDF - 3,7 MB)
Customer magazine today 59, p. 14-15 „Strong Leightweights“ (PDF - 3,9 MB)
Brochure: Injection moulding of lightweight parts (PDF - 1,6 MB)

FDC process

In Fibre Direct Compounding (FDC), glass fibres measuring up to 50 mm long are fed directly into the liquid melt by means of a side feeder on the injection unit. This minimises damage to the fibres during material processing. The fibre length, fibre content and material combination can also be individually adjusted.
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Highlights

  • High-strength lightweight construction: increasing the load-bearing capacity of the lightweight parts, reducing wall thicknesses
  • High degree of flexibility: machines can be used for conventional injection moulding without restrictions
  • Individual process settings: targeted influencing of part properties
  • Cost benefits: initial materials (plastic and glass fibre rovings) are less expensive than long fibre granulates
     

Downloads
Customer magazine today 70, p. 12-13, "Project FuPro: ARBURG develops gripper technology for lightweight system solutions”(PDF - 4,3 MB)
Customer magazine today 70, p. 8-9, “deller plastics: Direct compounding creates worldwide competitive advantages”(PDF - 4,3 MB)
Customer magazine today 63, p. 18-19 "ROS: Fibre direct compounding reduces costs and part weight" (PDF - 3,6 MB)
Customer magazine today 56, p. 26-27, “Red Hot” (PDF - 3,9 MB)
Customer magazine today 50, p. 6-7 „Long fibres – high-strength part“ (PDF - 4,8 MB)
Brochure: Injection moulding of lightweight parts (PDF - 1,6 MB)

Overmoulding thermoplastic composites

A combination of injection moulding and thermoforming of thermoplastic composites can further enhance the strength of fibre-reinforced moulded parts. This includes the integration of additional reinforcements through ribs, or functional elements, such as mountings.
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Highlights

  • Lightweight construction with multi-material design: highly resilient injection moulded parts, high potential for the substitution of metallic materials
  • Fully automatic manufacturing process: injection moulding turns thermoplastic composite sections into ready-to-install structural components
  • Ideal for high-volume applications: cycle times similar to injection moulding

Downloads
Customer magazine today 60, p. 24-25 “The future is light” (PDF - 3,9 MB)
Customer magazine today 53, p. 13 “Every gram counts” (PDF - 3,6 MB)
Brochure: Injection moulding of lightweight parts (PDF - 1,6 MB)

PCIM® process

In Particle-foam Composite Injection Moulding (PCIM®), a foamed moulded part is permanently bonded with plastic. The multi-material design combines the benefits of both materials for functional lightweight parts. The result is strong, lightweight parts or energy-absorbent products with mounting elements.
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Highlights

  • Lightweight construction with functional integration: injection moulding transforms lightweight, energy-absorbent and insulating particle foams into assembly-friendly parts
  • Resilient parts: permanent, positive bond between particle foam (EPP, EPS) and thermoplastic (ABS, PP, TPE)
  • Strategic partnership: Shared development by ARBURG, Krallmann and RUCH NOVAPLAST

Downloads
Customer magazine today 56, p. 6-7, “There’s more to plastic” (PDF - 3,9 MB)
Customer magazine today 51, p. 12-13 "Jointly reaching news heights" (PDF - 3,7 MB)
Brochure: Injection moulding of lightweight parts (PDF - 1,6 MB)

FIT injection moulding

Targeted cavities can be produced in the part during the injection moulding process using the fluid injection technique (FIT) to introduce gas (GIT) or water (WIT). Considerable material savings and reduced cycle times can be achieved in this way.

Highlights

  • Broad range: all ALLROUNDER series are suitable for FIT
  • GIT needle shut-off nozzle: only one injection and gas injection point on moulded part
  • Freely programmable sequences: the SELOGICA control system enables time-, distance- or pressure-dependent switching from material injection to gas or water injection

Downloads
Brochure: Injection moulding of lightweight parts (PDF - 1,6 MB)